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【新華網】白皮書: 我國殘疾人權益保障更加有力

  發表時間: 2021-08-16 16:34:15

我國殘疾人(ren)權益保障更加(jia)有力

摘自《全面建成小康(kang)社(she)會: 中國(guo)人權事業(ye)發展的(de)光輝篇(pian)章(zhang)》白皮(pi)書


  殘(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)社(she)會保(bao)障(zhang)體系(xi)不(bu)斷完善(shan)。全(quan)面建立困難(nan)殘(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)生活補貼和重(zhong)(zhong)度(du)(du)殘(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)護理補貼制度(du)(du)。截至(zhi)2020年(nian),享受困難(nan)殘(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)生活補貼人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)數(shu)有(you)1212.6萬(wan)(wan)(wan)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren),享受重(zhong)(zhong)度(du)(du)殘(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)護理補貼人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)數(shu)有(you)1473.8萬(wan)(wan)(wan)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)。截至(zhi)2020年(nian),共有(you)2699.2萬(wan)(wan)(wan)殘(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)參加城鄉(xiang)居民社(she)會養老保(bao)險,其中1140.5萬(wan)(wan)(wan)殘(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)領(ling)取養老金;1076.8萬(wan)(wan)(wan)殘(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)獲得城鄉(xiang)最低生活保(bao)障(zhang),其中重(zhong)(zhong)度(du)(du)殘(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)641.4萬(wan)(wan)(wan)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren);680.1萬(wan)(wan)(wan)重(zhong)(zhong)度(du)(du)殘(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)中政府(fu)代繳養老保(bao)險費比例達到96.7%;另有(you)303.7萬(wan)(wan)(wan)非(fei)重(zhong)(zhong)度(du)(du)殘(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)享受全(quan)額或(huo)部分代繳養老保(bao)險費的優(you)惠政策。

  殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)康復(fu)服務(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)普惠可及。殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)康復(fu)服務(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)納入基(ji)本公共服務(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)規劃,建立殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)兒童(tong)康復(fu)救助(zhu)(zhu)制(zhi)(zhi)度(du),實施殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)精準康復(fu)服務(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)行(xing)動(dong),發(fa)展精神(shen)障礙社區(qu)康復(fu)服務(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu),推進康復(fu)輔助(zhu)(zhu)器具產業發(fa)展,為(wei)殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)兒童(tong)和(he)(he)持證殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)提供基(ji)本康復(fu)服務(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)和(he)(he)產品。2020年(nian),1077.7萬(wan)名殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)兒童(tong)及持證殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)得到基(ji)本康復(fu)服務(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu),242.6萬(wan)名殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)人(ren)(ren)得到各類輔助(zhu)(zhu)器具適配服務(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)。自2018年(nian)建立實施殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)兒童(tong)康復(fu)救助(zhu)(zhu)制(zhi)(zhi)度(du)以來,全國(guo)接(jie)受康復(fu)救助(zhu)(zhu)的殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)兒童(tong)達67.6萬(wan)人(ren)(ren)次。殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)預(yu)(yu)防(fang)工(gong)作(zuo)取得積極成效(xiao)。2017年(nian)國(guo)務(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)院批準將每年(nian)8月25日設立為(wei)“殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)預(yu)(yu)防(fang)日”,提高公眾殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)預(yu)(yu)防(fang)意識。制(zhi)(zhi)定發(fa)布《國(guo)家殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)預(yu)(yu)防(fang)行(xing)動(dong)計(ji)劃(2016-2020年(nian))》,有(you)效(xiao)控制(zhi)(zhi)出生缺陷和(he)(he)發(fa)育障礙致殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)、著力(li)(li)防(fang)控疾(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)病致殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)、努力(li)(li)減少傷(shang)害(hai)致殘(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)和(he)(he)顯著改善康復(fu)服務(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)等四(si)項行(xing)動(dong)取得積極進展,主要任務(wu)(wu)(wu)(wu)目標基(ji)本實現。

  殘(can)疾人(ren)受(shou)(shou)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)水(shui)平穩步提高。著力(li)辦(ban)好(hao)特(te)殊(shu)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu),大(da)力(li)發展融合教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu),努力(li)保(bao)(bao)障殘(can)疾人(ren)享有平等受(shou)(shou)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)權(quan)。2020年(nian)(nian)全國(guo)共有特(te)殊(shu)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)學校2244所,專(zhuan)任教(jiao)(jiao)師6.62萬(wan)人(ren),在(zai)校學生(sheng)(sheng)88.08萬(wan)人(ren),比(bi)2013年(nian)(nian)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)加51.27萬(wan)人(ren),增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)長(chang)139.3%。不(bu)斷完善隨班(ban)就讀(du)支持(chi)保(bao)(bao)障體系,在(zai)普通學校隨班(ban)就讀(du)的(de)殘(can)疾學生(sheng)(sheng)規(gui)模(mo)不(bu)斷擴大(da),由(you)2013年(nian)(nian)的(de)19.1萬(wan)人(ren)增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)加到2020年(nian)(nian)的(de)43.58萬(wan)人(ren),增(zeng)(zeng)(zeng)長(chang)128.2%。近10年(nian)(nian)來,殘(can)疾學生(sheng)(sheng)在(zai)普通學校就讀(du)的(de)比(bi)例(li)均(jun)接近或超過(guo)50%。全國(guo)實現了家(jia)庭經濟困難殘(can)疾學生(sheng)(sheng)從小學到高中(zhong)階段(duan)教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)的(de)12年(nian)(nian)免費教(jiao)(jiao)育(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)。

  殘(can)疾(ji)人(ren)就業(ye)(ye)(ye)權利得到更(geng)好保障(zhang)。中國通過完善法律(lv)法規、拓(tuo)展就業(ye)(ye)(ye)渠(qu)道、完善服(fu)務體系(xi),促進殘(can)疾(ji)人(ren)就業(ye)(ye)(ye)權利的實現(xian)。截(jie)至2020年(nian),全(quan)國共有殘(can)疾(ji)人(ren)就業(ye)(ye)(ye)服(fu)務機(ji)構2811家(jia),國家(jia)級殘(can)疾(ji)人(ren)職業(ye)(ye)(ye)培(pei)訓基地(di)478家(jia),城鄉持證殘(can)疾(ji)人(ren)就業(ye)(ye)(ye)人(ren)數855.2萬人(ren)。積極(ji)開展殘(can)疾(ji)人(ren)扶(fu)貧。2015年(nian)至2020年(nian),全(quan)國共建(jian)立(li)4581個殘(can)疾(ji)人(ren)扶(fu)貧基地(di),扶(fu)持近(jin)40.9萬殘(can)疾(ji)人(ren)就業(ye)(ye)(ye)增收;建(jian)檔(dang)立(li)卡貧困殘(can)疾(ji)人(ren)家(jia)庭(ting)人(ren)均純收入由2015年(nian)的2776.2元(yuan)(yuan)增長到2019年(nian)的8726.2元(yuan)(yuan)。

  殘疾(ji)人(ren)無(wu)(wu)(wu)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)礙(ai)(ai)環(huan)(huan)境建(jian)設(she)(she)大力推(tui)進(jin)(jin)。制定實施《無(wu)(wu)(wu)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)礙(ai)(ai)環(huan)(huan)境建(jian)設(she)(she)條例》。截至2020年,1753個(ge)(ge)市、縣開展(zhan)無(wu)(wu)(wu)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)礙(ai)(ai)建(jian)設(she)(she),全(quan)(quan)國累計創建(jian)469個(ge)(ge)無(wu)(wu)(wu)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)礙(ai)(ai)市縣村(cun)鎮(zhen)。全(quan)(quan)國村(cun)(社區(qu))綜(zong)合(he)服(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)設(she)(she)施中(zhong)有81.05%的(de)出入口、56.58%的(de)服(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)柜臺、38.66%的(de)廁所進(jin)(jin)行了(le)無(wu)(wu)(wu)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)礙(ai)(ai)建(jian)設(she)(she)和(he)改造。2016年至2020年,全(quan)(quan)國共(gong)有65萬貧困重度(du)殘疾(ji)人(ren)家庭得到(dao)了(le)無(wu)(wu)(wu)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)礙(ai)(ai)改造。截至2019年,全(quan)(quan)國已建(jian)成各級殘疾(ji)人(ren)綜(zong)合(he)服(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)設(she)(she)施2341個(ge)(ge),康復設(she)(she)施1006個(ge)(ge),托養(yang)服(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)設(she)(she)施887個(ge)(ge);共(gong)有省級殘疾(ji)人(ren)專題廣(guang)播節目(mu)25個(ge)(ge)、電(dian)視手(shou)語欄(lan)目(mu)32個(ge)(ge);設(she)(she)立盲文及盲文有聲讀物(wu)閱(yue)覽(lan)室(shi)1174個(ge)(ge)。全(quan)(quan)面推(tui)進(jin)(jin)信息(xi)無(wu)(wu)(wu)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)礙(ai)(ai)建(jian)設(she)(she),增強信息(xi)無(wu)(wu)(wu)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)礙(ai)(ai)終端產(chan)品(pin)供給,推(tui)進(jin)(jin)無(wu)(wu)(wu)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)礙(ai)(ai)產(chan)品(pin)和(he)服(fu)(fu)(fu)務(wu)技(ji)術推(tui)廣(guang)應用,拓(tuo)寬殘疾(ji)人(ren)參與信息(xi)社會(hui)的(de)渠道,推(tui)動(dong)信息(xi)化與無(wu)(wu)(wu)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)礙(ai)(ai)環(huan)(huan)境的(de)深(shen)度(du)融合(he),消除“數(shu)字鴻(hong)溝”,助(zhu)力社會(hui)包容性發展(zhan)。

 

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