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「地方發言」衡水市: 聚焦特殊困難群體 創新集中供養模式實現貧困失能失養殘疾人同步脫貧奔小康

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聚焦特殊(shu)困難群體 創(chuang)新集中(zhong)供養(yang)(yang)模式(shi)實現貧困失(shi)能失(shi)養(yang)(yang)殘疾人同步脫貧奔小(xiao)康


中共(gong)河(he)北(bei)省(sheng)衡(heng)水市委書記 王景(jing)武


  衡水地處河北(bei)省東南部,1962年(nian)國(guo)家復設衡水專區,初衷就是為集中扶貧(pin)(pin)。截至2018年(nian)底,天博(bo)官网(wang)4個國(guo)定(ding)貧(pin)(pin)困(kun)縣、2個省定(ding)貧(pin)(pin)困(kun)縣全部實現脫(tuo)貧(pin)(pin)摘帽,今年(nian)上半年(nian)全市剩余的1705名(ming)貧(pin)(pin)困(kun)群眾(zhong)將如期脫(tuo)貧(pin)(pin)退出,衡水將歷史性地與貧(pin)(pin)困(kun)說再見。

  習近平(ping)總(zong)書記指出(chu),全面(mian)建(jian)成小(xiao)康社會(hui),殘疾人(ren)(ren)(ren)一個也(ye)不能(neng)(neng)少,這(zhe)是我們黨向(xiang)廣大(da)人(ren)(ren)(ren)民群眾(zhong)作出(chu)的(de)(de)莊(zhuang)嚴承諾。在黨中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央、國務院和省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)委(wei)、省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)政府(fu)的(de)(de)堅強領(ling)導下,在省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)殘聯、省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)扶(fu)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)辦(ban)、省(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)民政廳大(da)力支持下,我們充分發揮教(jiao)育、文化(hua)、農業(ye)等方面(mian)的(de)(de)優勢,大(da)力實施“一工程六(liu)覆蓋”,全市已有16370名貧(pin)(pin)(pin)困殘疾人(ren)(ren)(ren)脫(tuo)(tuo)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)退出(chu),僅(jin)剩的(de)(de)528人(ren)(ren)(ren)也(ye)將于今年上(shang)(shang)半(ban)年脫(tuo)(tuo)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)退出(chu)。在廣大(da)農村(cun)(cun),一人(ren)(ren)(ren)失(shi)(shi)能(neng)(neng)、拖累全家,解決好貧(pin)(pin)(pin)困失(shi)(shi)能(neng)(neng)半(ban)失(shi)(shi)能(neng)(neng)人(ren)(ren)(ren)員(yuan)問題(ti),就解決了天博官网殘疾人(ren)(ren)(ren)事業(ye)和脫(tuo)(tuo)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)攻堅中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)最棘手的(de)(de)問題(ti)。為此,我們因地制宜,探(tan)索出(chu)了以農村(cun)(cun)特困供養(yang)服務機(ji)構(gou)(gou)為主(zhu)體(ti)、專業(ye)醫療機(ji)構(gou)(gou)為輔助、民辦(ban)養(yang)老機(ji)構(gou)(gou)為補充的(de)(de)集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)供養(yang)模式(shi),全市6043名農村(cun)(cun)貧(pin)(pin)(pin)困失(shi)(shi)能(neng)(neng)半(ban)失(shi)(shi)能(neng)(neng)人(ren)(ren)(ren)員(yuan)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),已有2311人(ren)(ren)(ren)自愿接受集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)供養(yang),過上(shang)(shang)了有質量、有尊嚴的(de)(de)生(sheng)活。

  具體工(gong)作(zuo)中(zhong)(zhong),堅(jian)持(chi)“小(xiao)事(shi)看大、遠事(shi)看近、實事(shi)辦(ban)好”,著力(li)實施“五統(tong)(tong)籌五破解(jie)(jie)”: 一(yi)(yi)是(shi)統(tong)(tong)籌設(she)(she)施提(ti)升(sheng),破解(jie)(jie)“在哪辦(ban)”問(wen)題(ti)(ti)。把推進農(nong)(nong)村失(shi)能(neng)(neng)半失(shi)能(neng)(neng)人(ren)(ren)員集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)供(gong)(gong)(gong)養與解(jie)(jie)決農(nong)(nong)村特困供(gong)(gong)(gong)養服(fu)務機(ji)構(gou)、縣(xian)鄉衛生機(ji)構(gou)床位(wei)(wei)閑置問(wen)題(ti)(ti)結合(he)起(qi)來,投資(zi)(zi)4500萬元對(dui)(dui)59家供(gong)(gong)(gong)養機(ji)構(gou)生活(huo)服(fu)務、醫(yi)療(liao)康(kang)復、消防(fang)安全等(deng)(deng)設(she)(she)施統(tong)(tong)一(yi)(yi)改造(zao)提(ti)升(sheng),整(zheng)合(he)調劑床位(wei)(wei)7500多(duo)張。二是(shi)統(tong)(tong)籌資(zi)(zi)金(jin)使用(yong),破解(jie)(jie)“運(yun)(yun)營(ying)(ying)難”問(wen)題(ti)(ti)。整(zheng)合(he)貧困人(ren)(ren)口社(she)會救助(zhu)資(zi)(zi)金(jin)、扶貧產(chan)業農(nong)(nong)戶收益(yi)等(deng)(deng)資(zi)(zi)金(jin),由(you)供(gong)(gong)(gong)養中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)統(tong)(tong)籌使用(yong)。供(gong)(gong)(gong)養資(zi)(zi)金(jin)不(bu)足部分(fen)以(yi)(yi)及(ji)機(ji)構(gou)行政(zheng)(zheng)運(yun)(yun)營(ying)(ying)費用(yong),由(you)縣(xian)市(shi)(shi)(shi)區(qu)(qu)財政(zheng)(zheng)負責統(tong)(tong)籌安排(pai)。市(shi)(shi)(shi)級(ji)財政(zheng)(zheng)根據(ju)各縣(xian)市(shi)(shi)(shi)區(qu)(qu)集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)供(gong)(gong)(gong)養中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)綜合(he)入住(zhu)(zhu)率、照護(hu)(hu)質(zhi)(zhi)量等(deng)(deng)情況,采(cai)取以(yi)(yi)獎(jiang)代(dai)補的(de)方式予以(yi)(yi)補貼。三是(shi)統(tong)(tong)籌政(zheng)(zheng)策落實與宣傳(chuan)引導,破解(jie)(jie)“想(xiang)不(bu)通”問(wen)題(ti)(ti)。對(dui)(dui)失(shi)能(neng)(neng)半失(shi)能(neng)(neng)人(ren)(ren)員房產(chan)、承(cheng)包地等(deng)(deng)財產(chan)全部落實政(zheng)(zheng)策,同時(shi)走(zou)家入戶、講(jiang)解(jie)(jie)政(zheng)(zheng)策,開(kai)展參觀試住(zhu)(zhu)活(huo)動,給失(shi)能(neng)(neng)半失(shi)能(neng)(neng)人(ren)(ren)員及(ji)其監護(hu)(hu)人(ren)(ren)吃下“定心(xin)(xin)丸”。四是(shi)統(tong)(tong)籌管理服(fu)務,破解(jie)(jie)“留不(bu)住(zhu)(zhu)”問(wen)題(ti)(ti)。對(dui)(dui)集(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)供(gong)(gong)(gong)養人(ren)(ren)員逐一(yi)(yi)建立(li)健康(kang)檔案,根據(ju)人(ren)(ren)員自(zi)理能(neng)(neng)力(li)實施分(fen)級(ji)護(hu)(hu)理,提(ti)供(gong)(gong)(gong)基(ji)(ji)本(ben)醫(yi)療(liao)、康(kang)復訓練、飲食照料、養老(lao)護(hu)(hu)理、精神慰藉、臨終關懷等(deng)(deng)基(ji)(ji)本(ben)照料護(hu)(hu)理服(fu)務,實現單一(yi)(yi)的(de)“物質(zhi)(zhi)救助(zhu)”向(xiang)“物質(zhi)(zhi)救助(zhu)+身心(xin)(xin)救助(zhu)”雙重保障(zhang)轉變。五是(shi)統(tong)(tong)籌職能(neng)(neng)職責,破解(jie)(jie)“誰來干(gan)”問(wen)題(ti)(ti)。成(cheng)立(li)領導小(xiao)組,落實各級(ji)黨(dang)委、政(zheng)(zheng)府主體責任,整(zheng)合(he)民政(zheng)(zheng)、扶貧、財政(zheng)(zheng)、人(ren)(ren)社(she)、衛健、醫(yi)保、殘聯等(deng)(deng)部門職責,形(xing)成(cheng)強大工(gong)作(zuo)合(he)力(li)。制(zhi)定指(zhi)(zhi)導意見,明確供(gong)(gong)(gong)養中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)建設(she)(she)標準和(he)照料護(hu)(hu)理服(fu)務標準,為(wei)“依(yi)規供(gong)(gong)(gong)養、應養盡養”提(ti)供(gong)(gong)(gong)指(zhi)(zhi)南。

  實施貧困失能半失能人(ren)員集中供養(yang)(yang),解(jie)決的(de)是一家一戶難以解(jie)決的(de)操心事、煩心事、揪心事。我們(men)將認真貫徹(che)本次(ci)會(hui)議精神,順應人(ren)民(min)群眾(zhong)的(de)意(yi)愿,堅(jian)定信心朝(chao)著應養(yang)(yang)盡(jin)養(yang)(yang)的(de)目標努力(li),真正把(ba)惠民(min)實事辦到(dao)人(ren)民(min)群眾(zhong)的(de)心坎上。

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